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最全牛津剑桥面试问题汇总,物理/工程/PPE/生物/化学等,你想要的全在这里!

2020-11-25

面试是牛津大学和剑桥大学每年本科生录取的重头戏。然而尽管经过重重准备,仍有不计其数的大牛们在面试环节纷纷落马。毕竟,世界名校在录取学生的时候面试题的奇葩程度也是很没有底限的!


许多专业在面试过程中也会有比较多的做题环节,比如数学专业;也有许多专业在面试过程中会有与专业相关的开放型论述类问题


小诚为大家搜集了牛剑各科目的部分面试题,看看你的梦校都会出什么面试题目吧?


本文为:生物、工程、经济、PPE专业面试题汇总;


想要了解:数学、物理、计算机、哲学、心理学、社会科学等专业面试题,请后台回复关键词“面试”获取。


工程篇(Engineering)


  • What are the main differences between the engines in jet fighters and the engines in jet airliners; which type of engine is the more efficient, and (qualitatively) why?
    战斗机与民用科技的引擎有何区别,哪一个效率更高,为什么?量化你的回答。

  • How would you design a gravity dam for holding back water?
    如何设计一个水坝?

  • What would happen if you drilled through the Earth all the way to the other side and then jumped into the hole?
    如果你打了一个洞通道通向地球另一侧,并跳下去,会发生什么?

  • Why did they used to make the mill chimneys so tall?
    为什么要将工厂烟囱设计得那么高?(tip: stack effect)

  • Explain the following to someone with no knowledge of physics: force, momentum, power, work.
    向毫无物理知识的人解释:力,力矩,功率,功。

  • What are the fundamental differences between Engineering and Physics?
    物理和工程有什么本质上的区别?

  • If you had a cylinder, sealed at both ends, with the pressure rising inside, would it blow at the end or split along the side first?
    如果有个中空的管子两头封死,内部压强持续增大,它会两头先破还是管壁先破?

  • If I am in a room with 5 people and guess all their birthdays what is the probability of getting (only) one correct?
    如果我向屋子里的5个人猜他们的生日,我猜对且只猜对一个人的生日的几率是多少?

  • Sketch a velocity time graph for a skydiver jumping out of a plane.
    画一张跳出飞机的跳伞人的速度与时间的变化图。

  • A rectangular sheet dimensions a x b is to be made into an open-topped box by cutting a square of side h from each corner and folding the 4 sides up. Find the value of h which allows the maximum volume of the box?
    一张矩形a乘以b的纸,四个角割除边长为h的正方形以折成一个盒子,当h为多少时盒子的体积最大?

  • Show the forces acting on a ladder
    画一个梯子的受力图

  • Why do sausages split lengthways, rather than around the circumference?
    为什么香肠会更容易裂开而不是断开?

  • Talk about a light bulb
    描述一个电灯泡

  • How small can you make a computer? What are the limiting factors?
    计算机(电脑)可以做到多小?是什么限制了它的极限?

  • How do you think you could calculate the number of calories that you have burnt after you have gone for a run?
    你跑步之后如何计算消耗了多少卡路里?

  • How does a fridge work?
    冰箱的工作原理是什么?

  • they had a toy car and propelled it by attaching a blown up balloon and releasing it, they asked my question on how to increase the speed, the flow of the air and momentum.
    通过一只气球放气来推动小车,如何增加速度,以及描述运动过程。

  • What challenges do you think you would be facing as a formula 1 engineer in 10 years time?
    你认为F1赛车工程师10年后会面临什么问题?


PPE篇


  • Is there essentially any difference between taxation and the state taking away one of your arms?

    在国家向你征税和取走你的一条胳膊之间,有什么本质区别?


  • Put a monetary value on this teapot?

    评估一只茶壶的价值


  • If you’re not in California, how do you know it exists?

    如果你不在加州,你如何确定它真的存在?


  • Is it a matter of fact or knowledge that time travels in only one direction?

    时间只是单向流动的吗?


  • Differentiate between power and authority.

    权利和权威之间有什么区别?


  • Why do we need government?

    为什么我们需要政府?


  • Would it be feasible to have an economy entirely based on the service sector?

    如果经济全部依赖于第三产业会如何?


  • Do you believe in free will? How far does it extend to - an oyster, for example?

    你相信有自由意志吗?所有东西都有吗,比如一只生蚝有吗?


  • Are you cool?

    你酷吗?


  • If there were three beautiful, naked women standing in front of you, which one would you pick? Does this have any relevance to economics?

    如果有三个漂亮的luo女站在你面前,你会挑哪个?这和经济有关吗?


  • What have you enjoyed most about your A Level Economics course?

    你最喜欢Alevel经济课的哪方面?


  • Do animals think?

    动物会思考吗?


  • How do you measure the success of a political voting system?

    如何衡量投票制度的成功与否?


  • If a Martian drops money across the country, does inflation go up?

    如果火星人全国撒钱,通货会膨胀吗?


  • Convince me you are real and not just in my dreams? 

    说服我你是一个真人,而不是在我梦里。


  • When I was at school in the 1970s, there was talk of a pensions crisis that would one day hit. The talk persisted in the 1980s, and the 1990s – and then there was a pensions crisis, and little had been done politically to prepare us for it. Is there a fault with the British political system that means we can't sensibly address serious medium and long-term problems when they are identified?

    当我在70年代上学时,就有关于养老金危机的传言,一直持续到80、90年代,它真的发生了,我们却准备的非常少。你认为英国的政治体系是不是有严重问题,导致我们不能解决已经提前预见的中远期问题?


  • I'm having trouble with the meaning of three words: Lie, Deceive, Mislead. They seem to mean something a bit similar, but not exactly the same. Help me to sort them out from each other.

    我难以区分这几个词:谎言,欺骗,误导。他们看起来很类似,但不完全相同,请帮我区分它们。


  • is it possible for a society to exist in which everyone lies all the time? why?

    如果有一个社会所有人任何时候都撒谎,这个社会会存在吗?为什么?


  • define 'cruelty'

    定义“残忍”。


  • What exactly do you think is involved in blaming someone?

    ‘究责于某人’这件事涉及哪些方面?


  • a person with 50 k is rich. a person with n pounds is rich and a person with n-1 pounds is also rich. so a person with 1 pound is rich. I then had to falsify I.

    如果有5万英镑是富裕的,那么比他少1镑也可以认为是富裕的,以此类推,何时才算贫穷?


  • think of a question that you have prepared an answer to, ask yourself the question and show us how you would answer it in a logical fashion 自己问自己一个准备的问题,然后讲出准备好的答案,让我们看到逻辑的魅力。


经济篇


  • What is the point of using NHS money to keep old people alive?
    用国家医保的钱赡养老人的意义在哪里?

  • What would you say if Gordon Brown were to take a report which shows that people who go to university earn more than those who do not, and then proclaim that going to university causes you to earn more?
    如果调查显示大学毕业生收入高于未读大学的人,证明大学使人收入增加。你如何看?

  • Should governments subsidise agriculture?
    国家是否应该补贴农业?

  • What are the consequences of changing interest rates?
    改变银行利息有什么后果?

  • What is the point of privatisation?
    私有化的意义是什么?

  • How would you make a hypothetical sandwich stall more profitable?
    如何让一个假设的三明治摊子增加利润?

  • What is a monopoly? What are the advantages and disadvantages?
    垄断是什么?有什么好处和坏处?

  • If the government passed a law requiring people to wear seatbelts, why might this result in more road accident casualties?
    如果政府通过法案规定所有人系安全带,为什么这可能导致车祸死亡率上升?

  • define 'greed'
    定义贪婪

  • distance from London to new York, work out
    计算伦敦到纽约的距离

  • tell me why playing your sport will make you a better economist
    解释为什么你参与的运动会有助于你成为更好的经济学家?

  • why do Ryan air try and sell tickets for Dublin day passes on flights into London Stansted?
    为什么廉价航空出售伦敦Stansted机场和都柏林之间的日票(一日内畅飞)?


生物及生物化学篇


  • Why is water so important to life?

    为什么水对生命的如此重要?


  • If you could save either the rainforests or the coral reefs, which would you choose?

    如果你能在热带雨林和珊瑚群中拯救一个,你会选哪个?


  • Here is a piece of bark, please talk about it.

    讲一讲树皮


  • Here’s a cactus. Tell me about it.

    讲一讲仙人掌


  • Why do some habitats support higher biodiversity than others?

    为什么有些地方能够支撑更高的生物多样性,有些不能?


  • Why don't most herbivores have green fur?

    为什么大多数食草动物不是绿毛的?


  • What percentage of the world's water is in a cow?

  • 世界上百分之多少的水在奶牛身上?


  • Why are there so few large predators?

  • 为什么食肉动物很少有大体型的?


  • Tell me about a banana.

  • 讲一讲香蕉


  • Why do many animals have stripes?

  • 为什么很多动物身上有条纹?


  • Is it easier for organisms to live in the sea or on land? 

  • 有机物更适合生存于陆地还是海洋?


  • Why do lions have manes? 

  • 为什么狮子有鬃毛?

  • Ladybirds are red. So are strawberries. Why? 

  • 瓢虫和草莓都是红色的,为什么?


  • Would it matter if tigers became extinct? 

  • 老虎灭绝会怎么样?


  • Why is there salt in the sea?

    为什么海洋中有盐?


  • How do amino acids behave in both acidic and basic conditions? 

  • 为什么氨基酸在酸性和基本条件下都有活性?


  • What is the significance of the human genome project? 

  • 人类基因组计划有什么意义?


  • How does DNA fingerprinting work? What is its use? 

  • 基因指纹是什么原理,有什么用?


  • How do you tell if a protein codes for a transmembrane protein?

    如何辨别跨膜蛋白序列?


  • Why are there only twenty amino acids?

    只有20种氨基酸吗?


  • What shape are bacteria and why?

    细菌是什么形状的,为什么?


  • What is the concentration of water?

    水的浓度是多少?


  • What problems do fish face underwater?

    鱼在水下有什么问题?


  • Why does an egg rot?

    为什么鸡蛋会腐烂?


  • Why can’t humans live forever?

    为什么人类不能永生?


  • Comment on a population pyramid.

    评价人口金字塔

  • Is shopping the new religion?

    购物是新的宗教吗?


  • How could you tell how long a disease had been prevalent in an area

    如何判断一种病在某地区流行了多久?


  • Tell me about this log

    描述木头


  • If a brain was placed in front of you, how would you describe it?

    如何描述一个大脑


  • If you were a virus, how would you communicate your opinions to me?

    如果你是你个病毒,你如何向我表达观点?


  • Why do leaves have their stomata on the lower surface?

    为什么叶子的气孔在下面?


  • Why don’t animals have wheels?

    为什么动物没有长出轮子?


  • How can you tell how genetically identical the individuals of a species are?

    如何判断同一物种两个个体的基因一致性?


  • What evidence is there to suggest that humans are still evolving?

    人类正在持续进化的证据是什么?


  • Can you design an experiment to test the effect of bird faeces on lichen growth?

    设计一个测验鸟粪和青苔类植物生长关系的实验?


  • Why is it that everyone regards Darwin as such a great man?

    为什么达尔文是个伟大的科学家?


  • Explain the differences between bacteria and viruses.

    解释细菌和病毒的区别。


  • How would you test to see if a rat could tell red from blue?

    如何测试一只老鼠是否能够分辨蓝色和红色?


  • How has the human diet changed in the last three decades and why?

    人类的饮食在过去30年发生了什么变化,为什么?


  • What would you define as a species?

    如何定义一个物种?


  • Give me an example of how specialist biological knowledge has helped food production.

    举一个生物知识对食物生产做出贡献的例子。


  • Why is there a higher probability of being killed by an asteroid collision than by a heart attack?

    被小行星撞击和心脏病突发哪一个致死率更高?


  • What kind of changes would occur to the environment if a large asteroid impacted earth?

    小行星撞击地球会引起什么环境变化?


  • What are the arguments for preserving biodiversity?

    为什么要保持生物多样性?


  • What makes drugs physiologically active?

    药物为什么起效?


  • What would you do if I were a Magpie?

    如果我是一只喜鹊你会做什么?


  • How many animals did Moses take on the arc?

    摩西带领多少动物上了方舟?


  • If a carrot can grow form one carrot cell, why not a human?

    如果萝卜能够从一个细胞发展成一个个体,为什么人不行?


  • Discuss ways in which plants are adapted to dry conditions.

    讨论植物如何适应干燥缺水环境。


  • Why are big, fierce animals so rare?

    为什么没有巨型凶横动物?


  • How does the immune system recognise invading pathogens as foreign cells?

    免疫系统如何识别入侵病原体?


  • Describe a potato and then compare it to an onion.

    形容一只土豆,并与洋葱比较。


  • is it possible to grow mushrooms in the bathroom

    有可能在浴室种蘑菇吗?


  • for which disease do you think it is an advantage to be a carrier of cystic fibrosis?

    携带囊肿性纤维化在你得什么病的时候会成为一个好处?


  • If I said that when I tossed this coin and every time it said heads you have to give me 50p but every time it showed a tails I give you a pound, how many times would you let me flip it and the coin show heads in a row before you would stop playing the game?

    抛一枚硬币,每次正面你给我五毛,反面我给你一元,我连续抛几次正面你会叫停这个游戏?


  • The viruses that infect us are totally dependent on human cells for their reproduction; is it therefore surprising that viruses cause human diseases?

    细菌通过人类细胞繁殖,那么为什么他们要使我们的病呢?


  • Explain how a perm works

    卷发棒工作原理是什么?


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